Pistachios one of the world’s oldest nuts have grown in the Middle East for thousands of years. Pistachios have always been a desired delicacy in this region.
Legend has it in Persia pistachios were a favorite of the Queen of Sheba, who demanded all her land’s production for herself and her court. Through the conquests of Alexander, the Great (334-323 BC), the nut reached Greece. Later, under the rule of the Roman Emperor Tiberius (First Century AD), the nut was also introduced into Italy and Spain.
Pistachio nuts are intertwined with Iranian culture and are actually present in all facets of Iranian life. Pistachios get a mention in all Iranian literature, stories, beliefs, traditions and rituals such as Norooz (Iranian New Year) and Yalda festival and they are even consumed in weddings and funerals.
Pistachio is produced in many countries including Iran, US, Turkey, Syria, China, Greece, Italy, and Afghanistan. However, the top global producers are US and Iran which accounted for 47% and 38% of the global production respectively in 2017/2018.
Pistachio one of the most important horticultural products of Iran, has been planted widely in the province of Kerman, the main area for pistachio production. The province of Kerman, especially the Rafsanjan region, has the largest number of different varieties with recognizable characteristics in cultivation and use, compared with other areas of Iran, or with any other country.
Other provinces such as Yazd, Khorasan, Fars, Semnan, Sistan and Baluchestan, Qazvin, Isfahan and Qom are also well known for the production of pistachios. Iran has always been the main pistachio exporter in the world. Recently, pistachio tree planting is increasing in the country. The pistachio production practices are intensive, including pollination, irrigation, nutrition and control of pests and diseases. Pistachio harvesting, processing, grading, packing, and storage are reviewed in detail.
Pistachios have a unique sweet taste and alongside other nuts are perfect option for snacks as they are great source of energy and they are nutrient-rich. They contain Carbohydrates, Protein, Amino Acids, Fats, and Dietary Fibre. They are rich in minerals such as Phosphorus, Iron, Calcium, Potassium, Magnesium, Copper, Zinc and Sodium.
Pistachios also provide essential vitamins like Vitamins A, B6, C, E, and K as well as Thiamine, Riboflavin, Niacin, etc. They are lower in calorie and fat content compared to many other nuts and dried fruit. Pistachios are among the healthiest nuts.
IRAN farms have the most suitable air and soil conditions and profiting the Best sun light results in a High-quality product which is different from rest of the world in taste and minerals aspects
Pistachios are divided in two groups, long shape and round shape. Akbari pistachio is the famous type of long pistachio with unique characteristics like the strong taste and oil it contains. Long pistachios are available in different sizes.
Igd-worldwide group has been able to offer the buyers the best of diffrent type of dates including round and long by working and collaborating with several farmers and farms across country.
- A) Long pistachios are of three types: Akbari, Ahmad Aghaei, and badami
- B) Round pistachios are of two types: KallehQuchi and Fandoghi
Pistachios presented in one of the following styles:
Raw pistachios/Roasted /Roasted & Salted/ Roasted & Salted and Saffron coated
Akbari: 20-22 / 22-24 / 24-26
Ahmad aghae: 22-24 / 24-26 / 26-28
Badami: 28-30 / 30-32
These types are well known types of round pistachios around the world, these types are available in sizes below:
Kalle ghouchi: 20-22 / 22-24 / 24-26
Fandoghi: 28-30 / 30-32 / 332-34
For further details, please contact agricultural department.